The 89th (Princess
Victoria's) Regiment of Foot was a regiment of
the British Army, raised on December 3, 1793.
Under the Childers Reforms the regiment
amalgamated with the 87th (Royal Irish
Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot to form the Princess
Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) in 1881.
During the Second World War,
2nd Battalion, formerly the 89th Regiment of
Foot, served throughout the Siege of Malta from
1940-1943 with the 4th (Malta) Infantry Brigade,
later renumbered 234th Infantry Brigade. The
battalion was lost in the Battle of Leros and
the Battle of Kos.
Leros is a Greek island and
municipality in the Dodecanese in the southern
Aegean Sea. The Battle of Leros was the central
event of the Dodecanese Campaign of the Second
World War, and is widely used as an alternate
name for the whole campaign. The Italian
garrison in Leros was strengthened by British
forces on September 15, 1943. The battle began
with German air attacks on September 26,
continued with the landings on November 12, and
ended with the capitulation of the Allied forces
four days later.