is a village in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, around 58 miles west of
Aberdeen in the Highlands. The Gaelic Bràigh Mhàrr
properly refers to the area of upper Marr (as it literally
means), i.e. the area of Marr to the west of Aboyne, the village
itself being Castleton of Braemar (Baile a' Chaisteil).
The village used to be known as Cinn Drochaid (bridge
end). The modern village sits over the Clunie Water, a
strategically important crossing on the Elsick Mounth, an
ancient trackway used by Picts and Romans.
According to legend, Malcolm III came to the area in around
1059, and built a timber bridge connecting the east and west
banks. The ruins are considered to be largely of 14th-century
origin, replacing the presumed timber-construction of the
Known colloquially as The Games and originating from
those believed to have been held by Malcolm III, an annual
Highland Games Gathering is held at Braemar on the first
Saturday in September and is traditionally attended by the
British Royal Family.
In 1746, the Act
of Proscription stopped all clan gatherings, but following its
repeal in 1782, the old enthusiasms for such events returned.
About 1826, the Braemar Highland Society was created; the first
modern-day games taking place in 1832. On September 14, 1844
Queen Victoria attended the gathering at Invercauld. In 1866,
Royal was added to Braemar Highland Society and in
1906, the Duke of Fife presented 12 acres of Mar Estate to the
Society and The Princess Royal and Duke of Fife Memorial Park,
the current home of the Braemar Gathering, was created.
Victoria's time, the reigning monarch has been the patron of the
Braemar Royal Highland Society.